Gaslighting in Relationships: Signs of Emotional Manipulation

Three post-it notes with messages. The first note says "I was just joking," the second note says "You're so dramatic," and the third note says "Don't be too sensitive." These messages represent common gaslighting phrases used in relationships to manipulate and undermine the recipient's emotions and perceptions. Gaslighting

Gaslighting can sometimes seem subtle but is a harmful form of emotional manipulation that can leave individuals feeling confused, anxious, and questioning their own sanity. Recognising the signs of gaslighting in a relationship is crucial for safeguarding your emotional well-being. In this article, we will delve into the meaning of gaslighting, explore real-life examples, discuss the subtle signs to watch out for. We’ll also shed light on how gaslighting can also appear in the workplace. Let’s empower ourselves with the knowledge to protect against these harmful actions.

Gaslighting Meaning: Understanding Emotional Manipulation in Relationships

Most people are unaware that the term is derived from the 1938 play and subsequent film “Gas Light”. Gaslighting refers to a manipulative tactic. In the story, the main character’s husband exerts control by gradually dimming the strength of the gas lights in their home, he then denies any change when she questions her own view.

Today, gaslighting refers to a pattern of behaviour where one person weakens another’s reality, making them doubt their thoughts, feelings, and sanity. No one deserves to be treated this way.

Gaslighting is a form of mental manipulation that erodes a person’s self-esteem and distorts their view of reality. It is often used by individuals seeking control, power, and authority in relationships. The gaslighter aims to create a power imbalance by taking advantage of their victim’s weaknesses and doubts. We’ve expressed some of our views on gaslighting in the video below.

Gaslighting in Relationship Examples

Gaslighting can take various forms, each aiming to confuse and control the victim. By looking into common examples, we can develop a clearer understanding of this toxic behaviour:

Denying or Invalidating Feelings: Gaslighters dismiss their partner’s emotions, telling them they are overreacting, being overly sensitive, or even making things up. They may say phrases like, “You’re being too dramatic” or “You’re just too sensitive.” Often, this is not the case.

Contradicting Reality: The gaslighter alters the truth, even in the face of evidence, to make their partner doubt their memories and views. They may say things like, “That never happened” or “You’re remembering it wrong.”

Blaming and Shaming: Gaslighters control their partner by placing blame on them, making them feel guilty or responsible for the issues in the relationship. They may say, “It’s your fault we’re having problems” or “You’re just trying to make me look bad.”

Withholding Information: Gaslighters intentionally keep crucial information hidden from their partner, leading to confusion and doubt. By selectively withholding important details, they disempower the victim, making it harder for them to grasp the situation. This tactic builds the gaslighter’s control over the story as the victim becomes more and more reliant on the gaslighter’s version of events

Cutting off the Victim: Gaslighters make the victim reliant on them by cutting them off from friends, family, and support networks. By stopping exposure to different points of view, they gain more control over how the victim sees the world. You should always keep a strong connection with your support network as they are often your only real point of view of what is going on

Gaslighting Over Time: Gaslighting is not a one-time event but rather a continued pattern of behaviour. Gaslighters aim to wear down their partner’s confidence and confidence over time, making them more vulnerable to manipulation.

By becoming familiar with these gaslighting examples, victims are better prepared to identify and address this destructive behaviour. In our experience, most victims of gaslighting leave it very late until they even realise that they are being manipulated.

Subtle Signs of Gaslighting in Relationships

Gaslighting can be incredibly subtle, making it tough to identify. Nonetheless, paying attention to these subtle signs can help you recognise the presence of gaslighting in your relationship:

Constant Arguments: Gaslighters often provoke arguments and conflicts, even over trivial matters. They may twist the conversation, making it seem like you’re always in the wrong. This constant conflict leaves you feeling confused and questioning your opinion.

Feeling Like You’re Walking on Eggshells: Gaslighters create an atmosphere of tension and fear, making you feel anxious about showing your thoughts or feelings. You may find yourself struggling to bring up concerns or fear their negative reaction. A real relationship should never be like this.

Loss of Self-Confidence: Gaslighters regularly erode your self-esteem by undermining your skills, appearance, or intelligence. They may make hurtful remarks or engage in subtle forms of mocking, leaving you questioning your self-worth. You should never feel this way.

    Memory Doubt: Gaslighters control your memory by insisting events play out differently than you remember. They may deny or change past conversations or events, causing you to doubt your memory and sense of reality.

    Emotional Roller-coaster: Gaslighters change between praise and criticism, affection and pulling back. This unstable behaviour leaves you emotionally vulnerable and constantly seeking their validation and approval.

    It is important to trust your gut feeling and pay attention to these subtle signs. If you suspect gaslighting in your relationship, seek support from trusted friends, family, or professionals who can provide guidance and help you regain clarity.

    Gaslighting in the Workplace: Recognising Professional Manipulation

    Whilst gaslighting is commonly linked with personal relationships, it can also occur at work. Recognising the signs of gaslighting in a professional setting is crucial for keeping your mental well-being. Here are some signs of gaslighting at work:

    Undermining Your Abilities: Gaslighting in the workplace often involves undermining your professional skills and successes. Colleagues or superiors may dismiss your ideas, take credit for your work, or question your skills, causing doubt and anxiety.

    Hiding Information: In the workplace, holding back information is similar to gaslighting in relationships but differs in appearance. It serves as a manipulative tactic to exert power and control, achieved through selectively sharing crucial details, keeping team members out of the loop, or keeping hold of career-affecting knowledge.

    Twisting Reality: In the workplace, changing reality takes diverse forms, such as lying, changing information, or creating fake stories for personal or professional gain. This involves selectively showing data, misquoting statements, or false reports to shape views, influence decision-making, or gain advantages over colleagues and rivals.

    Isolation and Exclusion: Similar to personal relationships, gaslighting in the workplace involves isolating yourself from colleagues or support networks. Additionally, the gaslighter may spread rumors, foster a negative environment, or create conflicts between you and others, further weakening you.

    Micro-aggressions and Passive-Aggressive Behaviour: Gaslighting at work can manifest through subtle micro-aggressions and passive-aggressive behaviour. Gaslighters may make snide comments, use mocking tones, or employ veiled insults to weaken your confidence and authority.

    If you experience gaslighting in the workplace, it is important to document instances of manipulation, seek support from trusted colleagues or mentors, and consider talking about the situation with HR or a manager you trust.

    Escaping Gaslighting: Seeking Support and Reclaiming Your Truth

    Escaping the cycle of gaslighting requires courage, support, and a commitment to your own well-being. Here are some important steps you can take to escape gaslighting and regain control of your life:

    Recognise and Validate Your Experience: Acknowledge that you are being gaslit and that your feelings and experiences are valid. Trust yourself and your gut feeling. Remind yourself that you deserve to be treated with respect and dignity. Remember that to break free, you must first accept that you are a victim.

    Seek Professional Help: Consider seeking help from a therapist or counsellor who focuses on trauma and emotional abuse. A professional can provide you with the necessary tools, coping strategies, and advice to handle the healing process. We often don’t get the help that we need but our experience shows that this is so important in starting the healing journey.

    Build a Support Network: Surround yourself with trusted friends, family members, or support groups who can provide empathy, approval, and a safe space for you to share your experiences. Lean on these individuals for emotional support and guidance. It is always better not to fight this battle alone.

    Set Limits: Establish clear limits and communicate them assertively with the gaslighter. Let them know what behaviours are unacceptable and make it clear that you will no longer deal with emotional manipulation. Stand firm in enforcing these boundaries.

    Document Incidents: Keep a record of instances of gaslighting, including dates, descriptions, and any supporting evidence. Furthermore, this record can serve as a reference point and provide validation when doubt or confusion arises. You will be able to tell the different between fact and fiction when you have kept a clear record.

    Limit Contact or Establish No-Contact: If possible, reduce or eliminate contact with the gaslighter. This can help create space for healing and allow you to regain a sense of self outside the influence of control. If complete no-contact is not possible, build clear boundaries and reduce communication.


    Gaslighting is a harmful form of emotional manipulation that can wreak havoc on your mental well-being and self-confidence. By understanding the subtle signs and examples of gaslighting, you can begin to recognise this harmful behaviour and take steps to protect yourself.

    Gaslighting can also show in the workplace, where it can weaken your professional growth and well-being. Furthermore, pay attention to tactics such as undermining your abilities, withholding information, distorting reality, and fostering isolation. Document instances of gaslighting, seek support from colleagues, and consider involving HR or a supervisor you trust.

    Remember, you are not alone. Gaslighting is a manipulative tactic used by individuals seeking control and power. By educating yourself and seeking support, you can break free from the cycle of gaslighting and regain your sense of self-worth and confidence.

    To conclude, gaslighting is a dangerous form of emotional manipulation that can have long-term effects on an individual’s well-being and sense of reality. By understanding the meaning, noticing the examples, and being aware of the subtle signs of gaslighting in both personal relationships and the workplace, you can empower yourself to break free from its grip. Trust your instincts, seek support, and prioritise your mental health as you navigate the journey toward healing and reclaiming your own truth.


    Request a Call Back

    No win no fee = no risk to you. Complete this simple form to speak to an expert in confidence.

      Was it reported to the police? *